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雅思写作:常用的逻辑连接词大盘点

厦门雅思培训作者:朗阁海外考试中心时间:2014-10-11 15:16

摘要:朗阁海外考试研究中心 康丹丹 在雅思写作中,不同逻辑关系的表达就意味着要使用不同的句式结构,不同的连接词。因此,连接词在写作中是否能正确的使用就决定着文章逻辑关系是否合理。笔者在多年的教学中发现,有的

 朗阁海外考试研究中心 康丹丹

在雅思写作中,不同逻辑关系的表达就意味着要使用不同的句式结构,不同的连接词。因此,连接词在写作中是否能正确的使用就决定着文章逻辑关系是否合理。笔者在多年的教学中发现,有的考生不明白在写作中该使用怎样的连接词,有的考生不知道连接词的使用是否正确。本文中,朗阁海外考试研究中心的将总结一些写作中常用的连接词。

一、常见列举用转折词语
1. for one thing, for another, above all things;
2. to begin/start with, next/besides/moreover, last/finally;
3. in the first place, in the second, in the third, (and) best of/worst of all;
4. one of these, another,(there is) still another(reason/factor);

上述词组的意思是:
1. 首先;其次;重要的是;
2. 首先;然后/此外/而且;后;
3. 第一,首先;第二;第三;好的是/糟糕的是;
4. 其中一个;另一个;还有一个(原因/因素);?

二、常见对比转折词语
1. but, but on the contrary, but on the other hand, but then;
2. by contrast, in contrast, in contrast with/to, as a contrast to, as opposed to;
3. by contraries, on the contrary, to the contrary, contrary to (A), opposite to, in opposition to;
4. whereas, while, while on the other hand, while on the whole, yet, however;
5. (as) compared with/to, by comparison, in comparison with, by comparison to
6. First..., Next..., Last...;
7. In the first / early / initial / infant period / stage / phase(或In its infancy)..., In the second / middle / adult / ripe period / stage / phase..., In the third / last / closing / later / concluding period...;
8. One step (way/course/approach/secret/trick)..., Another step..., Still another step...;
9. The first measure/step/move..., Next to it comes..., And the last/final/the most important measure...;
10. The direct experience/lesson/factor/way(或One lesson)... The indirect experience/lesson/factor/way(或The other lesson)...

上述词组的意思是:
1. 但是;但相反地;但另一方面;但是接下去;
2. 通过对比;经过对比;经与…对比;作为与…的对比;作为…的对照;
3. 相反;相反;相反;与A相反;与…相反;与…相反;
4. 然而;然而;然而另一方面;然而整体而言;然而;然而;
5. 跟…相比
6. 首先…;其次…;后…;
7. 在第一个/早期/开始/婴儿时期/阶段;在第二个/中间/成人/成熟时期/阶段;在第三个/后/结束/后面的阶段;
8. 一个措施/方法/做法/秘密/计策是…;另一个措施是…;还有一个措施是…;
9. 第一个措施是…;接着是…;后一个/重要的措施是…;
10. 直接经验/教训/因素/途径是(一个教训是)…;间接经验/教训/因素/途径是(另一个教训是)…

三、常见对比转折句型
1. But the obvious (fatal/serious) flaw (defect/drawback) in their argument (attitude/idea/view/action/behavior) is that.../But the basic (main/great/key/ big) problem with their argument (...) is that...
e.g. ...that they are ignorant of (blind to) a bare fact: Social changes have attached new meanings and values to the division between good and bad.

2. But if...it is (not) easy (difficult/hard) to see (find/discover) that ...
e.g. But if they adjust their frame of mind a little in the other direction , it is not hard for them to find that life is just as promising as before.

3. Too much emphasis (attention/stress/concern/significance) placed on (given to/focused on/attached to/paid to) the negative (sunny/gloomy/bright) side of the issue, however, may...(如mislead/confuse/cloud/bias/disturb our judgment of it.)A
e.g. ..., however, may mislead us to form a pessimistic estimate of current situations. 或..., however, may stop us from rendering (passing/forming/having) a fair (correct/clear/infallible/wise) judgment on it.

4. But in most cases/from the point of view of justice (objectivity)/as a matter of fact/in a very true sense, their (public/general) satisfaction (dissatisfaction/disillusionment/concern) with...(或their criticism of.../their argument for/against.../their objection to.../their approval for...)can not.../is..., for...
e.g. But in an impartial sense, the public dissatisfaction can not hold every water, for our society is still abundant in goodness and beauty.

5. As a result of..., however, things would/are bound to...
e.g. As a result of such an utter indifference to vicious behavior, however , things would be past saving/mending/all the hope.

上述句型的意思是:
1. 但他们辩论/态度/观点/看法/行为中的明显/致命的/严重的缺点/缺陷是…;他们辩论的基本/大/主要问题在于…
例:…他们忽视了一个赤裸裸的事实:社会变革给善恶的区分赋予了新的意义和价值。?

2. 但如果…很(不)容易/难发现…
例:但如果他们稍微调整一下思路,就不难发现生活还是跟以前一样前途光明。

3. 然而,对问题负面/正面/阴暗面给予/集中/附加了太多的强调/注意/关注会…(如误导/混淆/掩盖/歪曲/干扰我们对它的判断)
例:然而,…会误导我们对目前的形势形成悲观的估计。或:然而,…会阻碍我们对其形成/有一个正确的/清楚的/无误的/明智的判断。

4. 但大多数情况下/从公正(客观)的角度来看/实际上/真正意义上,他们/公众/对…的满意/不满/幻灭/关注(或:他们对…的批评/他们对…辩解(辩驳)/他们对…的反对/他们对…的支持)不能…/是…,因为…
例:但从公正的角度来看,公众的不满并不都有道理,因为我们的社会仍然充满着善与美。

5. 然而,作为…的结果,事情会注定…
例:然而,作为对不良行为全然漠视的结果,事情将成为过去,希望还在。

四、常见情景/参照物设定的词语或结构
1. when, if, the other day in a certain place, suppose/imagine/assume (that...), in (the) course/time of...for instance, in the event of等;
2. in the case of, as for/to, as far as...is/are concerned, The same is true of..., when compared with, in comparison with, by comparison等;
3. If there is anything that comes close to/is comparable to/with...,...there is hardly, a thing that compares favorable with/can rival...

上述句型的意思是:
1. 当…的时候;如果;几天前在某地;假设/想象/倘使…;在…期间;例如;万一…;
2. 关于;关于;关于;关于…也是一样;当与…相比;当与…相比;通过比较;
3. 如果说有什么能与…相比,那么几乎没有什么能与…(另一事物)相比/匹敌。

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