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雅思图表作文如何写作

厦门雅思培训作者:朗阁海外考试中心时间:2014-09-05 18:17

摘要:朗阁海外考试研究中心 康丹丹 通常对于雅思图表作文来说,考生只要掌握雅思图表作文的核心表达,在写作时就会更加得心应手。本文中,朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家将从七个方面总结雅思图表作文的核心关键要素,相信

 朗阁海外考试研究中心 康丹丹

通常对于雅思图表作文来说,考生只要掌握雅思图表作文的核心表达,在写作时就会更加得心应手。本文中,朗阁海外考试研究中心的将从七个方面总结雅思图表作文的核心关键要素,相信对广大考生会有很大帮助。
一、七大核心要求
1. 走势与比例的表达
2. 数据连接类表达
3. 时间连接类表达
4. 连接结构表达
5. 句式结构多样表达
6. 词汇多样表达
7. 写作要求的完成程度
二、七种关键名词
1. 泛指一份数据图表:a data graph/chart/diagram/illustration/table
2. 饼图:pie chart
3. 柱形图:bar chart / histogram
4. 趋势曲线图:line chart / curve diagram
5. 表格图:table
6. 流程图或过程图:flow chart / sequence diagram
7. 程序图:processing / procedures diagram
三、十个基本句型
1. The table/chart diagram/graph shows (that)
2. According to the table/chart diagram/graph
3. As (is) shown in the table/chart diagram/graph
4. As can be seen from the table/chart/diagram/graph/figures,
5. figures/statistics show (that)...
6. It can be seen from the figures/statistics
7. We can see from the figures/statistics
8. It is clear from the figures/statistics
9. It is apparent from the figures/statistics/table/chart/diagram/graph figures (that) ...
10. The table/chart/diagram/graph shows/describes/illustrates how
四、二十个核心句型
1. be slightly higher/lower than
2. There is not a great deal difference/similarities between A and B
3. to compare with/by contrast with/in comparison/
4. to show a threefold increase in comparison with that in…
5. A is …times as much as B
6. while/whereas/
7. be similar to
8. to have something in common with B
9. The difference/similarity between A and B lies in
10. to be the same as/to enjoy the same…/be equal to that of/
11. to be in marked/stark contrast with…
12. to vary considerably between A and B
13. to be different from/differ from
14. to be inversely proportional to…
15. be opposite to/adverse to
16. to be less than/more than
17. …closely followed by…/…coming a close second/to be outmatched/surpassed/outweighed/exceeded by/
18. to be overwhelmingly greater than
19. to outnumber…/to be more than in the number of
20. to remain ahead of/to be lag behind
五、重要趋势表达
 持续变化的data在不同情况下:
增加:increase / raise / rise / go up ...
减少:decrease / grow down / drop / fall ...
波动:fluctuate / rebound / undulate / wave ...
稳定:remain stable / stabilize / level off ...
1. Verb + Adverb form
The number of XXX
+increase/jump/rise/decrease/drop/fall/fluctuate...
+insignificantly/significantly/slightly/suddenly/rapidly/dramatically/sharply/steeply/steadily/gradually/slowly...
+from(第一时间)to(第二时间)/ between(第一时间)and(第二时间)
2. Adjective + Noun form
There was a (very) sudden/rapid/dramatic/significant/sharp/steep/steady/gradual/slow/slight
+increase/jump/rise/decrease/drop/fall/fluctuation(注意:上述很多词不可用于修饰fluctuation)
+in the number of XXX from(第一时间)to(第二时间)/ between(第一时间)and(第二时间)
 描述稳定的data:
The number of XXX remained steady/stable from(第一时间)to(第二时间)/ between(第一时间)and(第二时间)
The number of XXX stayed the same from(第一时间)to(第二时间)/ between (第一时间)and(第二时间)
There was little change / hardly any change / no change in the number of XXX from(第一时间)to(第二时间)/ between(第一时间)and(第二时间)
 描述不同状态的data:
Noun form:
steady drop / sharp rise peak / dramatic fall / sharp drop
Verbal form:
(to) bottom out / (to) reach the bottom / (to) increase gradually / (to) reach a plateau / (to) remain steady
 描述the highest point以及the lowest point:
高点极值:
The monthly profit / The figures / The situation ...
+peaked in(月份/年)<准确时间点用at XXX> at XXX% / XXX(极点data)
或者reached a peak / a high point at XXX% / XXX(极点data)
 低点极值:
XXX bottomed out / reached
+rock / the bottom / a low point
或者hit a trough
六、雅思图表作文时间的表达
1. in + 月/ 年
2. between … and …
3. from … to …
4. over the period from … to …
5. in the year between … and …
6. in the 3 years spanning from 2001 through 2004
7. for the first 3 months
8. for/ during/ over the next / following 6 months
9. for/ during/ over / in a period of 4 months
10. for/ during/ over / in a 4- month period
11. over/ for / during the same period
12. from then on / from this time/ point onwards / since then
13. by the year of …
14. after / before + 年/ 月
七、流程图要素
 描述流程的文章
1. 首先说明是做什么工作的过程,目的是什么
2. 准备工作
3. 按时间/过程先后描述
4. 结果
5. 简单总结(可有可无)
 描述一个实物/器具的工作过程
1. 实物是什么,做什么用的
2. 基本结构
3. 工作过程
4. 简单总结
 流程图描述常用句子
the following diagraph shows the structure of……
the picture illustrates……
it mainly consists of……
it works as follows.
it always involves following steps.
the whole procedure can be divided into…stages.
 描述流程,过程的常用过渡性词语
firstly
secondly
thirdly/finally
the first step is to
the next step is to
the last step is to
the first stage involves
in the next stage
in the following stage
in the last stage
first of all
to begin with
next
then
later
at the same time
simultaneously
subsequently
consequently
before this
during
after this
in the course of
in order to/in order not to
in order that
so as to/so as not to
以上是对雅思图表作文各项核心表达的概括和总结,为考生们备考雅思图表作文提供了一个有效的备考大纲及备考内容。图表作文的考试难度并不大,希望考生们能够有效备考,取得理想的成绩。

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