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雅思写作高频话题:媒体类

厦门雅思培训作者:朗阁海外考试中心时间:2014-06-12 16:31

摘要:Advertising which can be seen everywhere in daily life influences what people think is important and has negative effects. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 这个话题与下文中的第四个题目非常相

    Advertising which can be seen everywhere in daily life influences what people think is important and has negative effects. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  这个话题与下文中的第四个题目非常相似,所以可以套用类似的思路。
  一、 广告类
  l If a product is good or it meets people's needs, people will buy it. Advertising is no more than a form of entertainment. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  l The high sales of popular consumer goods reflect the power of the advertising but not the real need of the whole society in which they sell. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
  l Advertising discourages us from being different individuals and makes us look the same. Do you agree?
  l Society would benefit from the ban on all forms of advertising because it serves no useful purposes and can even be damaging. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
  l Customers are faced with increasing amounts of advertising due to the competition among companies. To what extent do you think consumers are influenced by advertisement?
  l Many parents think advertising only tells information about snacks and toys to children. But companies think advertising also tells useful information. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
  广告的好处:
  ü 广告是消费者与生产商之间的桥梁(bridge the gap between consumers and manufacturers),消费者获取自己想要的产品信息,生产商销售产品获取盈利
  ü 广告提供消费者想要的信息----广告的画面感很强、用语简单诙谐可以促进小孩发展想象力以及创造力;消费者可以了解产品外表、功能以及价格,挑选适合自己的产品
  ü 广告促进了竞争----商家会不断地完善产品,消费者能买到质量好、价格合理的物品
  广告的坏处:
  ü 广告夸大产品的功能,掩饰产品的缺点,误导观众做出不正确的购买决定
  ü 广告挑起消费者的消费欲望----例如引起小孩购买产品(包括食品以及玩具广告);甚至可能导致过度消费
  二、 新闻类
  l Today, there are more images of disasters and violence in the media. What are the causes and what are your solutions.
  l Some people think the media should not report details of crimes to the public. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  l We can get knowledge from news. But some people think we should not trust the journalists. And what do you think are the important qualities that a journalist should have?
  l Newspapers have an enormous influence on people's opinions and ideas. Do you think it is a positive or a negative situation?
  l The news media are increasingly influential today. To what extent do you think this is a positive development?
  l What are the advantages and disadvantages of the international media such as international TV, radio and magazines?
  l The government should control the amount of violence in films and on television. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this issue?
  新闻媒体好处:
  ü 新闻给人们提供了大量有用的信息。了解新时事----政治动向、政策变化的报道可以指导个人和公司的发展计划、投资理财
  ü 了解与社会生活相关新闻----天气预报、路况信息方便人们日常生活;犯罪类新闻帮助大家提高防范意识;社会弱势群体的社会新闻也唤起公众的同情心,使有困难的人得到社会的帮助
  新闻媒体坏处:
  ü 有些新闻来源不靠谱(具有欺骗性和误导性),特别是网络媒体。
  ü 由于人人都可以通过twitter之类的社交网站social network来传播信息,因此给谣言rumour的传播提供了可能。
  ü 有些新闻媒体只是报道读者想要的新闻,传递的是一些带偏见biased的消息,公众无法客观地从媒体中获取真相。甚至有些无良记者unscrupulous journalists为了引起轰动sensation,吸引读者的眼球,通过捏造一些假新闻chequebook journalism来吸引读者眼球。
  措施:
  ü 国家可以出台相关的法律法规related laws and regulations should be constituted
  ü 媒体应该进行自我审查impose auto-censorship,来规范媒体和记者的行为
  ü 公众应当有独立思考能力和批判性思维能力independent thinking and critical thinking ability,来辨别新闻的真假。
  三、 对比类
  l People think the public library will be replaced by the computer in our homes. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  l Some people think reading books is more useful in developing young people's language skills and imagination than surfing the Internet. To what extent do you agree?
  图书馆(书本)的好处:
  ü 培养良好的阅读习惯----需要更大的耐心以及细心
  ü 有利于身体健康----不会产生近视、身体姿势不正以及鼠标手
  ü 更能培养语言能力以及想象力----不是纯粹被动地接受其他人呈现的画面而是自己创造这个故事
  网络的好处:
  ü 网络信息量更广----对于同一个话题会有各种评论而不是单一的观点
  ü 网络更便捷----书本不宜携带,而网络可以通过很多便携的电子设备获得,例如手机
很多考生虽然对于媒体类的话题思路非常明了,但是往往卡在了单词上面,浪费了很多时间在想单词以及词组。
侵犯隐私 violate someone’s privacy
  丑闻 scandals
  无处不在 prevalent/ubiquitous/pervasive
  媒体炒作(n.) media hype
  有误导性的 misleading
  诈骗性的 fraudulent
  虚假的 false
  夸大事实 exaggerate(vt.) things
  不客观的,不公正的 unobjective
  如实的报道 factual accounts(n.)
  可信的 reliable
  客观公正的 objective and balanced
  信息量大的 informative
  有新闻价值的 newsworthy
  监督 scrutinize/monitor
  揭露 expose/reveal(vt.)
  大众传媒mass media
  色情pornography
  欺骗大众trick the public
  渗透,打入(团队、集体等) penetrate(v.)
  (尤指潜移默化的)有害的,恶性的pernicious
  bring reality to the public 把现实展现在我们的面前
  penetrates every corner of our life 渗透到我们生活的每一个角落
  educate/ entertain people of all ages 教育/娱乐各年龄段的人
  the pernicious effect of the media on 传媒的有害影响
  unable to distinguish good from bad 没有辨别是非的能力
  rely on powerful communication technologies to spread their messages 依靠强大的通讯技术传播信息

 

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