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2014年7月12日雅思考试阅读考题回顾

厦门雅思培训作者:朗阁海外考试中心时间:2014-08-07 18:26

摘要:朗阁海外考试研究中心 周智勇 考试日期: 2014 年 7 月 12 日 Reading Passage 1 Title: Food Flavor Question types: TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN; Short Answer Questions; 文章内容回顾 从人们如何进行二次购买食物的

 朗阁海外考试研究中心 周智勇 

考试日期:

2014712

 

Reading Passage 1

Title:

Food Flavor

Question types:

TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN;

Short Answer Questions;

文章内容回顾

从人们如何进行二次购买食物的理由进行切入,其实人们更多的时候通过鼻子的气味判断是否好吃,而不是舌头。真材实料的价格一定超过那些实验室的产品,实验室产品的成功率是非常低的,但是有高回报。美国添加剂的发展是全球这个领域发展的推动力。

相关英文原文阅读

Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste and appearance. Some additives have been used for centuries; for example, preserving food by pickling(with vinegar), salting, as with bacon, preserving sweets or using sulfur dioxide as in some wines. With the advent of processed foods in the second half of the 20th century, many more additives have been introduced, of both natural and artificial origin.

With the increasing use of processed foods since the 19th century, there has been a great increase in the use of food additives of varying levels of safety. This has led to legislation in many countries regulating their use. For example, boric acid was widely used as a food preservative from the 1870s to the 1920s, but was banned after World War Idue to its toxicity, as demonstrated in animal and human studies. During World War II, the urgent need for cheap, available food preservatives led to it being used again, but it was finally banned in the 1950s. Such cases led to a general mistrust of food additives, and an application of theprecautionary principle led to the conclusion that only additives that are known to be safe should be used in foods. In the United States, this led to the adoption of the Delaney clause, an amendment to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938, stating that no carcinogenic substances may be used as food additives. However, after the banning ofcyclamates in the United States and Britain in 1969,saccharin, the only remaining legal artificial sweetener at the time, was found to cause cancer in rats. Widespread public outcry in the United States, partly communicated to Congress by postage-paid postcards supplied in the packaging of sweetened soft drinks, led to the retention of saccharin, despite its violation of the Delaney clause.

题型难度分析

TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN主要考察对于过于绝对的词汇的判断。另外在FALSE/NOT GIVEN的判断方面,要注意对于文章内容的主观延展,也属于NOT GIVEN的范畴。Short Answer方面,对于原文原词的选择,词性词形单复数都不用改变。

剑桥雅思推荐原文练习

8 Test 1

9 Test 3

 

Reading Passage 2

Title:

Coastal Sculpture

Question types:

Matching;

Completion;

Multiple Choice;

文章内容回顾

人们对政府资助艺术建筑的观点,介绍了三座海岸边的雕塑的来源和现状,并在后一段总结表明观点。

相关英文原文阅读

Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions and one of the plastic arts. Durable sculptural processes originally used carving (the removal of material) and modeling (the addition of material, as clay), in stonemetalceramicswood and other materials but, since modernism, shifts in sculptural process led to an almost complete freedom of materials and process. A wide variety of materials may be worked by removal such as carving, assembled by welding or modeling, or molded, orcast.

Sculpture in stone survives far better than works of art in perishable materials, and often represents the majority of the surviving works (other than pottery) from ancient cultures, though conversely traditions of sculpture in wood may have vanished almost entirely. However, most ancient sculpture was brightly painted, and this has been lost.

Sculpture has been central in religious devotion in many cultures, and until recent centuries large sculptures, too expensive for private individuals to create, were usually an expression of religion or politics. Those cultures whose sculptures have survived in quantities include the cultures of the Ancient Mediterranean, India and China, as well as many in South America and Africa.

The Western tradition of sculpture began in Ancient Greece, and Greece is widely seen as producing great masterpieces in the classical period. During the Middle Ages, Gothicsculpture represented the agonies and passions of the Christian faith. The revival of classical models in the Renaissance produced famous sculptures such as Michelangelo'sDavid. Modernist sculpture moved away from traditional processes and the emphasis on the depiction of the human body, with the making of constructed sculpture, and the presentation of found objects as finished art works.

题型难度分析

配对题中可以优先配对一些有明确定位词的题目,剩余的可以通过排除法来做。单选题的难度不大,定位词比较明显,并且可以根据文章结构来进一步锁定段落。选项的区分度也比较大,所以可以争取全对。

剑桥雅思推荐练习

8 Test 3

7 Test 3

 

Reading Passage 3

Title:

The Effects of Global Warming in New Zealand

Question types:

Multiple Choice;

YES/NO/NOT GIVEN;

Matching;

文章内容回顾

大自然在受到伤害之后的自我修复,以及全球变暖对于新西兰农业的影响。

相关英文原文阅读

New Zealand is the largest sector of the tradable economy, contributing about two-thirds of exported goods in 2006-7.For the year ended March 2002, agricultural exports were valued at over $14.8 billion. The New Zealand agricultural sector is unique in being the only developed country to be totally exposed to the international markets since subsidiestax concessions and price supports were removed in the 1980s.Pastoral farming is the major land use but there are increases in land area devoted to horticulture.

New Zealand is a member of the Cairns Group which is seeking to have free trade in agricultural goods.

Aquaculture started in New Zealand in the late 1960s and is dominated by mussels, oysters and salmon. In 2007, aquaculture generated about NZ$360 million in sales on an area of 7,700 hectares with a total of $240 million earned in exports. In 2006, the aquaculture industry in New Zealand developed a strategy aimed at achieving a sustainable annual billion NZ dollar business by 2025. In 2007, the government reacted by offering more support to the growing industry.

题型难度分析

再次出现是非无判断题,难度较第一篇有所提升。句子配对题可以利用关键词定位来快速答题。同时注意题干细节的差异,借助排除法来争取全对。

剑桥雅思推荐练习

6 Test 1

6 Test 3

考试趋势分析和备考指导:

总体来讲,本次雅思阅读考试难度较大,三篇文章均为新题,判断题和配对题比重较大,建议烤鸭们平时多练习高频题型。

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