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2014年6月28日雅思阅读考题回顾

厦门雅思培训作者:朗阁海外考试中心时间:2014-07-24 12:35

摘要:朗阁海外考试研究中心 刘翠云 考试日期: 2014 年 6 月 28 日 Reading Passage 1 Title: The History of Potatoes in Europe Question types: TRUE / FALSE / NOT GIVEN Table Completion 文章内容回顾 西班牙人在

 朗阁海外考试研究中心 刘翠云

考试日期:

2014628

 

Reading Passage 1

Title:

The History of Potatoes in Europe

Question types:

TRUE / FALSE / NOT GIVEN

Table Completion

文章内容回顾

西班牙人在拉丁美洲挖金矿,发现了土豆,带上了船,然后引入欧洲。一开始欧洲人不敢吃,觉得丑受到了诅咒,只喂家禽。提到了西班牙,法国,爱尔兰等四个国家,法国路易十六为了让人们吃土豆,把土豆花戴了出来,法国人民就开始吃了。普鲁士国王采取了一个办法,在皇室花园种土豆,并且让士兵守卫,就有人偷回家里种植,这属于印象心理学的方法,然后土豆就传播开来了。英格兰战争时期,食物很缺乏,人们就开始吃土豆。爱尔兰的土壤和气候很适合土豆生长,人口就booming了。

相关英文原文阅读

Many people associate potatoes with the country of Ireland. And while potatoes are a staple food of Irish living, they didn't originate in Ireland. While no one can say for certain how the potato came to Ireland there is an Irish potato legend that says the potato was first introduced to the island nation by the Spanish Armada. Legend states that Spaniards brought potatoes from their native South America unintentionally when a shipwreck off the Irish coast in 1588 caused some potatoes to wash ashore. Coastal Irishmen soon planted them in their gardens so the story goes. In truth, it is believed that potatoes were first grown in County Wick low in the early 1600’s and were grown to supplement the Irish diet. Unlike the rest of Europe, that first viewed the potato as weird, almost immediately after the potato was introduced to Ireland it became an invaluable staple of the Irish diet. Potatoes were stored and eaten during the years when oat harvests didn’t produce to expectations. The potato sustained many Irish people through many difficult growing seasons when harvests didn't produce enough to feed local populations. Historically Irishmen chose to grow potatoes for many important reasons. Mild Irish winters make Ireland the perfect place for growing potatoes. They are easy to grow in poor soil and potatoes store well in underground cellars. This was important in a time when there was no refrigeration. Another appealing aspect of the potato was that they were easy to prepare. Hundreds of years ago in the Irish countryside many kitchens were small and not very fancy. Many kitchens only had open hearth fires and a cast iron boiling pot and pan. Potatoes could easily be prepared several ways over the open fire. By the 1700’s both the rich and poor classes ate potatoes. It is estimated that by the early 1800’s each member of a potato eating family in Ireland at 5.5 pounds of potatoes per day. It is ironic that for generations it was the potato that fed the Irish people and kept them sustained just enough that they didn’t face starvation because it was potato that also caused great hardship in the form of famine and disease. The first famine that struck Ireland happened over the winter of 1740-41. An especially cold, wet winter froze and rotted potato stores. Entire villages were wiped out due to starvation. Ten percent (200,000 to 400,000 est.) of the Irish population died. There was also a famine in 1816 where over 60,000 people died. Once again a harsh winter was blamed for ruining potato stores and people died from starvation and disease just as they did 75 years earlier. Ireland’s second potato famine known as “The Great Famine” wasn’t weather related but it was caused by a plant disease called potato blight. It struck Ireland and the rest of Europe from 1845-1852, ruining potato crops. Ireland was hit especially hard. A rainy, Irish climate is the perfect environment to promote the spread of potato blight. The Great Famine caused mass starvation and disease all over Europe but it was particularly fatal in Ireland where 1/3 of the Irish population was dependent on potatoes as its sole source of food. Potato blight decimated the Irish population. Over one million people (20-25% of the Irish population) died. The Great Famine had such a drastic effect on everyday life that it permanently changed Ireland’s demographic forever and in turn also changed the American demographic forever. Over one million people emigrated out of Ireland during that time and sailed to American shores by the hundreds of thousands. Today potatoes are still one of the main ingredients in many traditional Irish dishes but potatoes aren’t as nutritionally as important to the Irish people as they once were. Due to modernization in the farming and transportation industries the Irish are able to have a varied diet. However; the importance of the potato crop will forever remain a part of the country's history and can't easily be overlooked.

题型难度分析

第一篇的题型包括判断和图表填空题型,整体来说并不难。第一题为判断,按部就班做题即可,且题目集中在文章前半部分。第二个题型为图表填空,定位词非常明显,用国家名定位即可,且题目集中在文章的后半部分。文章总体不难,题目也不难。

剑桥雅思推荐原文练习

5 Test 4 Passage 3

the Effects of Light on Plant and Animal Species

 

 

Reading Passage 2

Title:

Violin by Manual Work or Large-scale Product(06.10.21)

Question types:

List of Headings

TRUE / FALSE / NOT GIVEN

文章内容回顾

有些小提琴可以值百万,比如S开头的一种。但是新的可能很便宜,只卖几百刀。小提琴的制造有人工的和工业生产的几种方法。以前小提琴的厚度是用手tap,现在是用机器测量。介绍以前的小提琴的制造和影响小提琴声音的因素。木头的影响,几年过去后,音质就会变好。S打头的小提琴的涂层有昆虫的翅膀,但是现在科技证明是没有证据的,现在的小提琴家也会用新的小提琴,一些top soloist还是会用那些年代久远的小提琴。

题型难度分析

这篇文章的难度比第一篇的难度偏高,尤其是出现了heading题,这种题型相对做题时间长,建议同学们放在后做。

题型技巧分析

List of Headings:

1. 争论价格

2. 手工制作

3. 应用现代技术

4. 现代技术不成功

5. 木材年代

6. 油漆差异

7. 木材处理差异

8. top musician对手工和工业化的violin偏爱不同

 

TRUE / FALSE / NOT GIVEN:

1. 不同的人演奏同一把琴也不一样

2. 电脑比人的耳朵听音色更准确

3. 不同的人做出来的琴不一样

4. 科技在初自动化生产琴中的作用

5. 工业生产的琴在高级琴师中开始流行

剑桥雅思推荐原文练习

8 Test 2 Passage 1

Sheet Glass Manufacture: the Float Process

 

 

Reading Passage 3

Title:

北极生物圈 (10.06.17)

Question types:

Multiple Choice

Matching

Short Answer Questions

文章内容回顾

北极的一种地理现象:周围是冰,中间是湖。这种湖被称为Pxx湖,一种原因是温度升高,中间melt;另一种说法是风大,把冰层吹跑了,就露出了湖。湖水里有两种生物是coexist togetherbottom of the food chain,小鱼吃它们,大鱼吃小鱼,海豹吃大鱼。早在5000年前,有Inuit迁徙过来。有三波科学家进行过研究,并且预测了全球变暖的情况。

相关英文原文阅读

THIS month has seen qualified good news for polar bears. On December 16th researchers from the United States and Canada predicted that even though the extent of the summer ice in the Arctic Ocean is expected to decline precipitously over the next few decades, a refuge of sorts will remain for them. Meanwhile, in a paper in Nature, a group of American climatologists argued that a sudden and irreversible decline of the sea ice may, after all, not be the most likely outcome of global warming. The refuge will be along the northern shores of Canada and Greenland, Stephanie Pfirman, of Barnard College in New York, and her colleagues told the autumn meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco. Even in summer, ice will persist there because increased melting will be compensated for by the arrival of ice from the centre of the Arctic Ocean, and even from as far away as Europe and Asia. Then, as now, prevailing winds and resultant ocean currents carry ice to North America. That is why the ice on the Eurasian side is typically young and about one metre thick, whereas that near Canada can be eight metres thick and as many years old. Dr Pfirman arrived at this conclusion after running a computer model called the Community Climate System Model version 3, or CCSM3, which was developed by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. According to this model, the Arctic Ocean will be more or less ice-free by 2050 if no special effort is made to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions – the "business as usual" scenario. The reason is that when large stretches of ocean, for lack of reflective ice cover, absorb more heat from the sun than is usually the case they will be unlikely ever to freeze over again. Even after this destructive feedback cycle has taken its course, however, the model’s calculations of ice growth and transport show that the refuge at the American side of the Arctic, all 500,000 square kilometres of it, will be there for the last polar bears. For survival, the bears do not just need sea ice to walk about on. There have to be prey for them to eat as well. It so happens, says Brendan Kelly of the National Marine Mammal Laboratory in Alaska that the ringed seals and bearded seals which polar bears specialise in catching will be all too happy to live in the refuge. An important requirement for seals is thick snow cover in the spring, to dig lairs in. These lairs protect them and their young from the cold and make it harder for polar bears to spot them. Climate models generally predict more snow as the temperature rises, but much of it, says Dr Kelly, will fall in the autumn on a sea that has not yet frozen over. The refuge will be the only place in the Arctic where a lack of snow will not be an issue. The sea mammals and their hunters would have even fewer problems if fears of climatic feedback in the Arctic proved unfounded. The paper in Nature claims that they are. A group led by Steven Amstrup of the US Geological Survey’s Alaska Science Centre ran CCSM3 with several assumptions about reducing greenhouse gases. Dr Amstrup concluded that although the sea ice does shrink, it does so gradually and in proportion to the temperature rises that result. Sudden disappearances of ice do occur, but the Arctic seems able to recover from them. This is important, as it will give humanity more time to reduce its emissions and it improves, among many other things, the chance that polar bears will survive as a species. The paper’s authors mention a number of factors that may counteract a runaway melting cycle. One is that the extra absorption of sunlight may be less than feared because the maximum area of open water occurs at the end of summer, when the days are already shortening and there is usually ample cloud cover to reflect light anyway. Another, they think, is that once the summer is over, new ice grows fastest where the ice cover is thin or non-existent to start with. Meanwhile, in San Francisco, Dr Pfirman and her colleagues warned against complacency. They noted that CCSM3 does not do a good job of describing the rapid decline of the ice in the last decade. And since the reduction of greenhouse gases is not coming along as quickly as the Nature paper would have it, it seems wise to start treating the refuge area as a precious resource - for instance by keeping new shipping lanes in the Arctic as far from it as possible.

题型难度分析

本篇文章虽为旧题,但由于生词量太多,导致难度非常大,所以平常要注意词汇的积累。其中前几道选择题难度并不大,但是到了配对题时难度有所加大,后面的简答题难度不大。

题型技巧分析

建议考生在做雅思人名观点配对题时不需要看完全篇再去做题,而是可以采用定位法去有的放矢的解决,这样既快捷高效地完成了阅读任务,也不再对阅读中的搭配题感到棘手和害怕了。今天要和考生们一起探讨如何处理有关人名观点配对中人名多次出现的试题。

 

考题要点:

A. 人名观点配对一般考察的是某个人的言论 (statement)、观点(opinion)、评论 (comment)、发现 (findings or discoveries)。这样,一般这个题的答案在文中就只有两个答案区:

1. 人名边上引号里面的内容

2. 人名+ think / say / claim / argue / believe / report / find / discover / insist / admit / report... + that从句

 

B. 人名在文中一般以以下方式出现:

1. 全称(full name)如:Brian Waldron

2. (first name)不常见

3. (surname)如:Professor Smith

4. He / she(在同一段话中,该人再次出现时,用指示代词替代)

因此,建议考生去文中找人名时,应该将上述四种情况均考虑进去。再者,应该谨记在心的是:如果一个人名在一段话中出现N次,也只能算一次。如果一个人名在N段话中出现,就算N次。

 

C. 该题的答案遍布于全文。因此应该从文章的开头往后依次寻找人名。

 

D. 该题貌似是全篇文章的考察,其实考察的就是这些人所说的几句话。故应先从文中找人名,再去找答案。

剑桥雅思推荐原文练习

6 Test 1 Passage 3

Climate Change and the Inuit

6 Test3 Passage 2

Disappearing Delta

考试趋势分析和备考指导:

本次雅思阅读考试整体难度并不大,文章内容也相对比较好理解。可以看出这段时间细节题的比例在加大。所以大家在复习的时候要注意把握细节题的正确率;判断题尽量不丢分;简答和填空也争取在短时间内搞定;剩下的MatchingList of Heading后做。做的时候一定要根据做题技巧,争取少出错。

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