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如何将雅思听力和雅思写作进行连贯?快来看案例剖析

厦门朗阁培训中心朗阁时间:2017-03-16 11:35

摘要:很多学雅思的同学都会觉得,写作这门课与阅读和口语课都有一些相通的地方,相反和听力其实都搭不上什么边。这种观点在一定程度上是被认可的,因为听力是考察学生输入能力的,并且听力文章内容基本是一些比较生活化的东西,贴合生活。

   很多学雅思的同学都会觉得,写作这门课与阅读和口语课都有一些相通的地方,相反和听力其实都搭不上什么边。这种观点在一定程度上是被认可的,因为听力是考察学生输入能力的,并且听力文章内容基本是一些比较生活化的东西,贴合生活。相反,写作的话题内容或者图表内容相对来讲比较学术。但是,如果我们仔细去研究写作和听力的话,还是不难发现它们之间有一些微妙关系的。

 

1)地图题

地图题在写作中占据的比例相对还是比较少的,2016年到目前为止才考过一次。而地图题却是听力当中比较喜欢出的题型。但是无论出题频率如何,它们间的考察方式还是差不多的。

 

 

其实不难看出,这两张地图题都是关于某一个事物的平面布局的。换言之,掌握地理位置表达的方式是关键。所以无论我们是要求考生去用语言表述图,还是根据音频内容去听出相对应的建筑名称,都需要具备这样的能力,即学会使用一定的方位词。我们可以在听力原文中来学习地道的表达。

 

a. 听力部分Now, let me give you some idea of the layout布局 of the farm.

写作部分尝试使用

引言段:This diagram compares how the layout of village of Ryemouth has changed since the year of 1995.

结尾段:Overall, based on the brief description above, it is clear that the general layout of the village does not change a lot.

通过例句发现,这个词在雅思地图题的写作部分还是挺好用的一个词,考生们可以加以应用。

 

 

b. 听力部分The scarecrow you can see in the car park in the corner(在角落)beside在旁边the main path, is a traditional figure for keeping the birds away from crops.

适当补充:与in the corner属于同类的还可以包括in the south/north/west/east, 或者是in the southwest之类的。

写作部分尝试使用

第一张地图:In the southern part, there was a fishing port on the sea, with a fish market located in the north and a coffee shop in the northeast.

 

c. 听力部分If you look ahead of you, you’ll see a maze. It’s opposite在对面the New Barn, beside the side path that branches off to the right just over there.

写作部分尝试使用

第一张地图:A block of shops was situated on the opposite side of the market

 

2流程图

流程图和上文的地图是差不多的概念。就是在听听力原文的时候,一定要学会去积累原文当中的好词好句,方便自己用到写文章上去。

      

第一张流程图是选自剑7里面的一张图,它的题目标题是the operational cycle这里的cycle是循环的意思,其实通过图表的画法也是能够推算出来的。同样的,后面这张流程图选自于6标题为life cycle of silkworm。所以有了听力词汇的积累,我们很容易能够读懂写作这张流程图讲解的是蚕宝宝的生命循环图。

 

再就听力原文而言:

 

a. So let’ s start with the device itself…… let’s move onto how float work.(原文当中如果有步骤之间的切换的话,一般都会有这样一种序列词在文章中体现,这种词的功能就是可以快速找寻到下一步。)

 

b. It stays at this depth for about 10 days and is carried around by the currents which operate in the ocean at this level. // After about five hours on the surface, the float automatically sinks, beginning the whole process again.(划线短语是表示时间的过度的,这对于写生命循环图有很好的参考性。)

 

写作考官范文与听力原文的契合:

First of all, eggs are produced by the moth and it takes ten days for each egg to become a silkworm larva that feeds on mulberry leaves. This stages lasts for up to six weeks until the larva produces a cocoon of silk thread around itself. After a period of about three weeks, the adult moths eventually emerge from these cocoons and the life cycle begins again.(通过文章示范,明显能看出和听力里面的表达方式是有异曲同工之处的,不仅有顺序词,还有表示时间过渡的词。)

 

3环境类

环境类话题是雅思考试时比较喜欢出的题目,同样也是因为它是全球面临的一个主要问题。所以如何缓解环境问题现在成了一个比较热门的考点。在剑5 Test 3 Section 4里面,我们能找到这样一段关于环境话题的段落:

听力原文:The agreed targets for the UK mean that by 2008 we must reduce our carbon dioxide emission by 12.5%, compared with 1990. And recycling can help to achieve that goal, in two main ways: the production of recycled glass and paper uses much less energy than producing them from virgin materials, and also recycling reduces greenhouse gas emissions from landfill sites and incineration plants. 这段原文的大致意思就是表达回收这种方式不仅节约能源,同样也可以减少温室气体的排放。

 

雅思写作中有这样一道题目:

 

Some people think that individuals cannot improve the environment. Only government and large companies can make a difference. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 

熟悉雅思写作套路的同学应该都知道,这道题目分别要去谈论个人、公司及政府应该如何去保护环境。当我们熟悉了听力原文内容之后,我们就可以以国家的立场来写:

 

For governments, they can try to use recycling to improve the environment as production of recycled glass and paper uses much less energy than producing them from virgin materials, and also recycling reduces greenhouse gas emissions from landfill sites and incineration plants.

 

4科技类

科技话题与环境类话题一样,同样也是听力与写作的一个重叠性话题。我们写作文的时候,同样可以使用听力原文中的点作为参考。原文来自于剑10 Test 4 Section 4:

1Nanotechnology has much wider application than this and could have an enormous impact on our environment. For instance, tiny airborne nano-robots could be programmed to actually build the ozone layer, which could lessen the impact of global warming on our planet. On a more local scale, this new technology could help with clean-up of environmental disasters as nanotechnology will allow as to remove oil and other contaminants from the water far more effectively. 就论证结构而言,这是典型的举例论证,主要讲解了纳米技术对环境的好处。

 

2This would have a phenomenal effect on our society. In time it could even lead to the eradication of famine through the introduction of machines that produce food to feed the hungry. 这一个好处讲解的是纳米技术可以缓解社会的饥荒问题。

 

雅思写作中有这样一道题:

 

Money for postgraduate research is limited. Some people think that financial support from governments should be only provided for scientific research rather than research for less useful subjects. Do you agree or disagree?

 

这篇文章由于only这个词的绝对性,所以我们会采取主体两段分别讨论scientific research以及less useful subjects对于社会的帮助是什么。而nanotechnology这一点就可以作为一个很有说服力的例子。

 

Body 1: There is no doubt that government subsidies for scientific research are necessary. Since scientific research might hold the key to change life of all as well as boost the economic development, government should allocate properly taxpayer’s money to boost such development. For example, nanotechnology can not only lessen the impact on global warming by nano-robots, but also help to eradicate famine as machines are able to produce more food.(这一个点就是参考了听力论点,比较新颖,容易吸引考官注意。)

 

综上所述,原本看上去没有直接关系的听力与写作其实还是存在一定的微妙联系的,希望各位考生能够仔细观察,好好研究,定能找到一些让人眼前一亮的东西。


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