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雅思听力配对题解析

厦门朗阁培训中心朗阁时间:2017-03-01 14:52

摘要:这是一种不太常见的听力题型,这是一种不太好判断的听力题型,这是一种一出现就心里没底的听力题型,这是一种一出现就该报考下一次考试的听力题型。

    这是雅思听力中的配对题。大部分考生都认为雅思听力考试中的配对题型犹如一团乱麻,剪不断理还乱,这边听到的内容刚刚觉得有配对的可能,后面就出现了差不多的答案来迷惑。下面朗阁老师就带着雅思烤鸭们理清配对题,了解配对题在听力中的特点及解题方法。

特点一:信息量看似小&考试频率低

一般来说配对题的常见题型形式有三种:

第一种是配对选项少于题目,例如Cambridge 7 Test 3 Section 3

 

Questions 26-30

In what time period can data from the float projects help with the following things?

Write the correct letter, A, B or C, next to questions 26-30.

AAt present

BIn the near future

CIn the long-term future

26understanding of El Niño ....................

27understanding of climate change ....................

28naval rescues ....................

29sustainable fishing practices ....................

30crop selection ....................

 

 

第二种是配对选项多于题目,例如Cambridge 5 Test 4 Section 3

 

Questions 28-30

Which opinion does each person express about Box Telecom?

Choose your answers from the box and write the letters A-F next to questions 28-30.

Aits workers are motivated

Bit has too little investment

Cit will overcome its problems

Dits marketing campaign needs improvement

Eit is old-fashioned

Fit has strong managers

28Karin ....................

29Jason ....................

30the tutor ....................

 

 

最后一种是配对选项等于题目,即“一个萝卜一个坑”。(这类题目很少出现,而且错误率太高,错一题的同时相当于错两题)

 

其实在1999年之前,雅思听力是没有配对题目的,它的产生是单选题的一种引申,配对的选项是对题干的解释或者说明。自从配对题出现后,多半题目的出现形势是第一种,也就是选项多于题目,很明显的有些选项是用不上的,大多数的烤鸭们同义词替换的能力和辨识速度有限,如果仅仅看着题目或者配对的信息文字较少而猜来猜去,不错还好,要是错了就会影响其他题目,甚至出现多重错误,影响整体分数。

 

据不完全统计,在2016年的雅思听力考试中,2月13日的Section 3题型为单选+配对;2月27日的Section 3题型为单选+配对;3月5日的Section 3题型为填空+单选+配对;6月25日的Section 2题型为配对+选择,Section 3为单选+配对;8月27日的Section 3题型为多选+配对。由此可见,配对题的出现虽然不能和出现率近乎100%的填空和选择题相比较,但是不断上升的出题概率也需要引起烤鸭的重视。

 

特点二:定位容易&顺序原则

以Cambridge 5 Test 4 Section 3为例,朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师建议烤鸭首先抓住顺序性原则,以题干为基础,Q28-30的题目均是人名,不会出现同义词替换,定位非常容易。但是选项很长,干扰性极强,所以不太建议先看选项。

 

Questions 28-30

Which opinion does each person express about Box Telecom?

Choose your answers from the box and write the letters A-F next to questions 28-30.

A its workers are motivated

B it has too little investment

C it will overcome its problems

D its marketing campaign needs improvement

E it is old-fashioned

F it has strong managers

28 Karin ....................

29 Jason ....................

30 the tutor ....................

 

 

Transcripts+解析:

Karin: Yes, I think I can do that. Personally I’ve got great hopes for it. I think it will recover (28). 根据说话的人确定是Karin, 烤鸭们记下的词应该是recover, 那么回顾选项,我们会发现C选项里的overcome its problems解释了recover。 That advertising campaign they did was very innovative with their products-they set new trends. The company’s got to recover, don't you think, Jason?

 

Jason: Hmmm-I’m not sure. I think it ca but it’s not a forgone conclusion unless they manage to attract the right level of investment. The company definitely needs a boost(29) 根据说话的人确定是Jason, 烤鸭们首先定位到investment, 然后记下need a boost, 那么我们会发现B选项里的too little investment正好匹配。 and to attract more highly skilled workers if their recovery is to be long-lasting. When I was talking to the marketing manager he said to me that he thinks the company had got a great management team-but he would say that, wouldn’t he?- but they are suffering from having to work with outdated production machinery and that could cost a lot to put right.

 

Tutor: Well, personally, l think the stock market is to blame. I think they were expecting too much of the company and then inevitably it looked had when it didn't perform. The market should have had more realistic expectations. And I disagree with you about the advertising campaign Karin. That’s where they could do with some innovation(30) 根据说话的人确定是Tutor, 烤鸭们首先定位的词是campaign, 然后记下innovation(创新),那么回顾选项,我们会发现D选项里的匹配词也是campaign以及improvement和innovation的同义词转换。 - to get sales kick-started. Anyway, let’s see what you come up with… (fade)

 

特点三:题量小&陷阱多

朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师通过对过去题目的总结,发现配对题的出现总是附带性的(达不到10题),换言之几乎不会独立出现。接下来我们来详细分析一下Cambridge 7 Test 3 Section 3这个选项少于题目的配对题。首先,我们以题目的顺序为定位,26-30的定位词在下文中有标注出来。其次,烤鸭们要明白,一般选项是三个的情况都需要重复使用,在考试中的题目通常是对某种事物有着不同的看法,所以烤鸭们要根据录音表达做出选择。此时的陷阱之一就是:由于选项比较固定,题干中的内容在录音中会出现同义词替换,这样会引起烤鸭们定位困难。另外,说话人的语气和态度也是陷阱之二,烤鸭在做出选择时要听明白录音的言下之意,光听懂字面意思不够。

 

 

Questions 26-30

In what time period can data from the float projects help with the following things?

Write the correct letter, A, B or C, next to questions 26-30.

AAt present

BIn the near future

CIn the long-term future

26understanding of El Niño ....................

27understanding of climate change ....................

28naval rescues

....................

29sustainable fishing practices ....................

30crop selection ....................

 

 

Transcripts+解析:

You say you’re building models of the world’s ocean systems, but how’re they going to be used? And more importantly, when?

Some of the data has already helped in completing projects. For example, our understanding of the underlying causes of El Nino events is being confirmed by float data. (26)这一句当中的定位词是El Nino, 而这个词出现的句子中的时态是现在进行时,所以对应选项A。Another way we’re using float data is to help us to understand mechanics of climate change, like global warming and ozone depletion. That’s part of an ongoing variability study but the results are still a long way off. (27)这一句当中的定位词是climate change, 而这个词出现的句子中出现的时间提示a long way off即需要记下的笔记,所以对应选项C。 However, this is not the case with our ocean weather forecasting. Because we know from the floats what the prevailing weather conditions will be in certain parts of the ocean, we can advise the navy on search and rescue missions, that’s happening right now. (28)这一句当中的定位词只是navy, rescues在听力原文中和on search并列,而这个词出现的句子中出现的时间提示right now即需要记下的笔记,所以对应选项A。and may yachtsmen owe their lives to the success of this project. In addition, the float data can help us to look at the biological implications of ocean processes.

Would that help with preserving fish stocks?

 

Yes, and advising governments on fisheries legislation. We’re well on the way to completing a project on this, we hope it will help to bring about more sustainable fishing practices, we’ll be seeing the results of that quite soon. (29)这一句当中的定位词是fishing practices, 而这个词出现的句子中出现的时间提示quite soon即需要记下的笔记,所以对应选项B。

 

It sounds like the data from floats has lots of applications. Yes it does. It’s also a powerful agricultural tool. If we were aware of what the weather would be like, say next year, we could make sure that the farmers planted appropriate grain varieties to produce the best yield from the available rainfall. That sounds a bit like science fiction, especially when now we can’t even tell them when the draught will break. I agree that this concept is still a long way in the future, (30)这一句当中的定位词是crop selection, 整个录音里并没有出现原词,所以这题较难。Crop(农作物)在录音中的替换是grain(谷物),selection在录音中是farmers planted appropriate grain varieties to produce the best yield from the available rainfall的解释,整个词出现的句子中出现的时间提示a long way in the future即需要记下的笔记,所以对应选项C。 but it will come eventually and the float data will have made a contribution.

 

那么烤鸭在听完后,朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师再针对选项作出一个整理。例如:

at present = now / right now / current(ly) / recent(ly)

in the near future = quite / very soon

in the long-term future = a long way in the future / in long term run / a long way off

当烤鸭整理成习惯后,也会在后期自己做听力时自发想到这些同义词替换,适时做笔记,录音结束后,根据笔记做配对验证,从而提高做题的正确率。

 

以上就是朗阁海外考试研究中心针对雅思听力配对题对于烤鸭们的建议以及解题方法,希望考生们在考试中都能取得好成绩。

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