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如何理解雅思口语常见答题误区中的”答非所问”▏Part 1和Part 3

厦门雅思培训作者:朗阁海外考试中心时间:2017-05-19 10:39

摘要:许多有过雅思口语考试经历的学生在看到自己的成绩之后,可能会有这样的疑惑:为什么自己的口语成绩和预期的相差甚远?大家觉得自己明明在考试过程中对问题回答 得滔滔不绝, 答案中运用了大量的词汇,也注意了句型变化和句子之间的衔接,并且考官非常友善对自己也全程

许多有过雅思口语考试经历的学生在看到自己的成绩之后,可能会有这样的疑惑:为什么自己的口语成绩和预期的相差甚远?大家觉得自己明明在考试过程中对问题回答得滔滔不绝,答案中运用了大量的词汇,也注意了句型变化和句子之间的衔接,并且考官非常友善对自己也全程保持微笑。感觉自己是6.5分的水平为什么结果却总在5.5上徘徊?

 

 

在与学生上课和练习的过程中,笔者发现不少考生在准备和考试的时候过分注重了口语评分标准中的口语词汇数量,句子之间的衔接与变化,答案整体的逻辑,保持流利的语速,而却在一开始就忽略了一个关键性的问题:口语答案的切题。考生在回答问题的过程中,不知不觉开始答非所问,让考官不知道大家究竟对于问题要回答的是什么。


这样的失误不仅仅会浪费考试的时间,同时也证明了考生在一定程度上无法正确理解考官所问的问题,或考生无法明确给出考官合理正确的答案。因此,在很大程度上影响了考生后的成绩。面对这样的情况,这次就让我们一起看一下在口语考试中经常会犯的审题错误有哪些以及如何才能避免这样低级考试错误的出现!

 

与作文答题类似,在Part 1Part 2Part 3三个部分中,考生需要对考官所给的话题给出直接扣紧主题的答案,否则就会跑题。本文中,朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师将Part 1Part 3部分解析一下考生的常见问题

 

 

Part 1Part 3常见误区

 


 

 

 

1
个人喜好类

 


个人喜好类考题(Do you like...?)Part 1中必定会出现的问题之一。这个看似非常简单的问题却成为了许多考生跑题的陷阱。考生容易看重题目中的名词进行一味扩充和解释反而忽略了对个人喜好原因的阐述。


例:Do you like your hometown?

错误回答:Yes, I like it very much. My hometown is a small coastal city. And lots of people are living there. It is famous for its seafood as well.


正确回答:Yes, I like living in XXX because it's where most of my relatives and friends live, and there are plenty of things to do there. Another thing I like is the weather of my hometown. It is quite warm and nice. It is not too hot in the summer and warm enough during winter. So it’s good for outdoor activities almost all year around.

 

问题解析:大部分以“Do you like...”作为开头的题目中,题目本身没有任何难度,考察的是需要大家对一个问题可以直接明白的阐述喜欢或者不喜欢一件事物的原因。但是往往这样简单的问题却让很多考生答非所问。例如在这个问题中给出“Yes”后没有继续解释喜欢这个事物的原因,而是开始介绍这个事物。


可能考生心里想到了他喜欢的是“sea”“people”“seafood”这几个方面,但是却针对这几个方面开始介绍,而没有直接给考官表述喜欢家乡的原因,造成跑题。所以遇到个人喜好类话题,考生们需要第一时间给出自己的观点,并且之后明确给出自己喜欢或不喜欢的理由,并对理由进行解释。


 

 

 

2
频率类

 


频率类考题(How often)Part 1中的出题频率之高可谓是100%!不论考生在Part 1个人喜好题目中做出肯定还是否定的回答,都会被考官继续追问这个话题。在这样的一个情况下,特别使回答不喜欢的同学不知所措,无言以对,甚至又重复自己上一问的答案,这样就明显会造成跑题。

 

例:How often do you listen to music?

错误回答:I am a big fan of music. And I like listening to all kinds of music, like hip-hop, Jazz and light music.


正确回答:I have to say I listen to music almost everyday. You know, I am a big fan of pop music. So I usually listen to the music on my way to school or back home. And even when I take a shower, I always listen to the music channel. Music always brings me a good mood.

 

问题解析:题目问的是多久听一次音乐,在错误答案中没有第一时间给出一个明确的频率答案而是回答说自己非常热爱音乐,并且继续扩充自己喜欢的音乐类型,所以直到后都没有一个清晰的回答。下面的答案准确回答了“how often”的问题,并且细化了答案,用pop music代替问题中的music,加上地点和喜爱原因的简单修饰让整个答案更加完整生动。所以遇到频率类话题,考生们需要第一时间给出自己的观点,并且之后明确给出自己有这样观点的解释。


 

 

 

3
范围类

 


范围类考题分为地域和时间两大部分(in China / in your hometownin the past / at present);并且在Part 1Part 3中都经常出现需要考生在听题时一定注意范围的准确性这样的题目往往造成考生想当然,片面的从一方面的范围角度开始解释问题,而造成跑题的结果。


1Is there a difference between the way you celebrated your birthday in the past and in the present?


错误回答:Well, I usually celebrate my birthday with my parents. They bought me lots of birthday gifts and prepared a nice dinner for me. But sometime my friends held a birthday party for me. It was really nice as well.


正确回答:Sure, I think there's a big difference. When I was a child, my parents always prepared a birthday party for me, and we sang birthday song and ate birthday cake together. But now I seldom celebrate my birthday and sometimes I even forget it, because I'm so busy and I have no time to celebrate it.

 

2Are flowers important in your culture?


错误回答:Well, different people have different thoughts. Some people may love flowers so much that they see flowers as their life; while others may not care about flowers or are allergic to flower pollen. To them, flowers are no more than a bunch of lifeless plants.


正确回答:In China, flowers are important because many of them have special meanings and become more and more popular. For example, the Peony is the national flower of China; it represents richness, honor and even high social status, so people like to send a bunch of Peonies to elders at some important festivals. And, lilies symbolize one hundred years of love and devotion, so they are used for decoration at weddings in my country.

 

问题解析:遇到范围类的话题,需要考生注意考官问题考查目标的时间或人群范围,切记不要侧重于一点或者回答范围之外的问题。例如在第一个题目中考官问到的是生日庆祝在过去和现在的区别,很大一部分考生容易仅仅注重回答现在庆祝生日的方式而忽略回答问题中的时间对比。还有一部分同学分别回答了过去和现在生日的庆祝方式,但是却在开始没有交待清楚是否有区别,不知道回答的重点在哪里。而例2中考生没有正确理解“to Chinese people”“in your culture”的区别。答案中考生并没有回答花在中国文化中是否重要,而是错误分类回答了不同人群对花的看法。考试中这样答非所问会导致出现考官不停打断的现象。


 

 

 

4
人称指代类

 

 

人称指代类话题在Part 3中非常容易迷惑考生,很多考生在考完或者考试回答期间会突然发现自己在这一类话题中跑题的现象。在Part 1中大部分问题都是围绕“YOU”展开的,是对考生个人信息和日常生活的提问,例如“Are you...”, “Do you...”, “How often do you do...”而在Part 3中问题的范围会扩大,需要去站在更加高的角度全面地分析和预测一些社会、人文类问题。Part 3问题中人称代词也会相应发生很大的变化,例如“Do men and women like to...”, “Do different age groups...”, 需要考生在练习口语题目的过程中,听清看清题目中的人称代词,给出正确的答案。

 

1Do you think that people are influenced by adverts on TV? Why?

错误回答Well, I am not sure. I think many people do pay attention to advertisements on TV. When I watch TV at home and have to see the advertisements over and over again. I think some of advertisements are quiet creative, entertaining and inspiring. But most of them are very boring and time consuming. And it seems to be on for like forever. I have to watch these ads over and over again, which annoys me a lot.


正确回答:Yes, I think we are all influenced to some extent by TV adverts, otherwise companies wouldn't pay so much to have them shown. Advertisers are very good at making us believe that their products or services will improve our life in some way. For example, if you see an advert for a new phone, it plants a seed in your mind, and you start to wonder about replacing your old phone.

 

2What disagreements do teenagers often have with their parents? Why?


错误回答:When I was young, I always disagree with my parents about all kinds of things. My parents are very strict to me about all things I do, like when I should be back home, whom I hang out with, what kinds of books I read. I think they just over controlled my life. I remember that my parents didn’t allow me to do manicure, while almost all my friends had tried at that time. I thought I was mature enough to tell right from wrong. And I could make my own decision without my parents’ instructions. Following and listening to them all the time annoyed me a lot.


正确回答:Teenagers disagree with their parents about all sorts of things, like the clothes they want to wear, whether they can go out with their friends, doing homework, and how much help they give their parents around the house. I think the teenage years are the period when we develop a sense of identity, and we want to make our own decisions rather than follow other people's instructions. I remember having disagreements with my own parents, usually about simple things like getting up early in the morning, tidying my room, or even doing the washing up!

 

问题解析:遇到人称指代类的话题,需要考生考试中准确反应每个问题的所问目标人群。由于现在Part 1Part 3题目出现了重合现象,所以无法武断认为Part 1部分问题全部关于自己,而一味盲目从自身经历和感想出发。同理,在Part 3中许多考生却在不经意间被考官问到关于自己”的相关问题,例如“Do you want to be a celebrity in the future?”


类似这样的问题在Part 3中也会常有出现,如果回答“It depends on different personalities”就是个范围上跑题的错误。但是,Part 3一般考题是抽象题目,所以讨论的范围非常广,需要考生从people大众的角度去分析,而不是单单从myself个人的观点出发。例1和例2的错误答案比较典型,都是在从个人的角度去分析和讨论考官的问题而没有注意到考官问题中考察的其实是“people”“teenagers”的角度。在回答中考生可以结合自身的经历作为例子去论证(如例2),但是不可以通篇都论述自身的事情和观点,以偏概全。

 

本次,朗阁海外考试研究中心的老师从四个方面向大家阐述了雅思口语考试中Part 1Part 3考生通常会出现的答非所问,也就是跑题问题。通过对每个问题类型的定义,举例对比和答案考点解析,让大家更加了解口语考题的出题方式和回答技巧。希望同学们在看到口语话题时不要盲目去回答,而是思考一下考官或者题目背后的考点究竟是什么,对口语考试的题目更加了解,能够正确应对考官所问问题,做到真正知己知彼。

 

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